who built qutub minar at delhi

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  1. Akbar
  2. Humayun 
  3. Khijir Kha 
  4.  Qutubuddin Aibak 

Correct Answer is 4. Qutubdin Aibak 

QuestionSOLUTION

📝Important Points

  • Qutubuddin Aibak time period 1206-1210
  • • Originally a slave, Qutubuddin because of his merit and loyal service was rose up to the post of viceroy by Mohammad Ghori. After Ghori’s death, Aibak ruled over Delhi and founded his dynasty.
  • Lahore and later Delhi was his capital.
  • For his generosity, he was given the title of Lakh Baksh.
  • • He constructed two mosques Quwat-ul-Islam at Delhi and Adhaidin ka Jhopra at Ajmer. He also began the construction of Qutub Minar in the honour of famous Sufi Saint Khwaja Qutub-ud-Din Bakhtiyar Kaki.
  • • Aibak was great patron of learning and patronised writers like Hasan-ul- Nizami, author of Taj-ul-Massin and Fakhruddin, author of Tarikh-i- Mubarak-Shahi. He fell from the horse while playing chaugan (Polo) and died.

💡Know Details about Qutb Minar 

|• Delhi’s Qutub Minar is the tallest brick monument in the world. | It is 72.5 meters (239 ft) high. Its diameter is 14.3 meters and the diameter of the top floor is 2.7 meters. In 1193 AD, Aybak started construction of the Qutb Minar, inspired by the monument of Jam in Afghanistan and expressing a desire to build a monument taller than it. But completed the construction of its lower part.His successor Iltutmis completed three more floors and in 1368 CE Firoz Shah Tughluq built the fifth and last floor. This monument carries the development of architectural style from Aybak to Tughlaq. It is built of red sandstone and has Quranic verses written in it.The purpose of building this beautiful monument can be speculated to be that its role is different – ​​the call to prayer in the mosque and it is called Quwayat-ul-Masjid. Other reasons for its use are as a victory pillar, symbolizing the power of Islam, or as an army target. Ala-ud-Din Khalji started construction of another monument, Alai Minar, near the Qutab Minar, which was twice as tall as the Qutab Minar.Although Ala-ud-Din built the first floor with a height of 24.5 meters but the work was stopped after his death. This Qutb Minar was built by Aybak under the name Kayat-ul-Islam Masjid. It is said to have been built by destroying 29 Hindu temples and the Ujjan temple. In 1235 CE, the monument of Iltutmis was built by the emperor to the west of the Kayat-ul-Islam Mosque. Ala-e-Darwaza is the beautiful gateway to this ‘soudh. It was built by Ala-ud-din Khalji.The iron pillar built behind the Qutab Minar evokes the curiosity of the Earth’s atmosphere. This column is 98% Made of hard, malleable iron that doesn’t rust. of its (7.21 m) in height or 23 ft. 4 in. long and has a diameter of 16 |- in. (0.41 m). Chandragupta II Vikramaditya of the Gupta dynasty built it. It has stood intact for 1600 years, attracting the attention of architects and meteorologists.It has a fence around it because legend has it that if one can touch his back with it or touch his hand behind it, he is lucky.

 

 

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After qutubuddin death his sons Aram Shah succeeded his position .

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